This is a snapshot (2014-03-13) of the resource type vocabulary for the CINERGI inventory of EarthCube resources.
CINERGI Resource types
An event that involves one or more agents participating in some process(es) with some intended purpose. Examples include projects, drilling a well, meetings, conferences, execution of a service request, production of oil from a well. (From EIP v1.0 ISO metadata profile)
Activity that has the intention of creating a community aggreement on some issue through some formal or semi formal process. Includes a workgroup that is a collection of Persons, and has a target document product.
Activity that is a one-time gathering of people for some specific purpose
An aggregation of resources. A collection is described as a group; its parts may also be separately described. (fromhttp://www.ukoln.ac.uk/metadata/dcmi/collection-application-profile/): The term "collection" can be applied to any aggregation of physical or digital items. Those items may be of any type, so examples might include aggregations of natural objects, created objects, "born-digital" items, digital surrogates of physical items, and the catalogues of such collections (as aggregations of metadata records). The criteria for aggregation may vary: e.g. by location, by type or form of the items, by provenance of the items, by source or ownership, and so on. Collections may contain any number of items and may have varying levels of permanence. A "collection-level description" provides a description of the collection as a unit: the resource described by a collection-level description is the collection, rather than the individual items within that collection. Collection-level descriptions are referred to in Michael Heaney's An Analytical Model of Collections and their Catalogues as "unitary finding-aids" [AMCC].
A collection of links that define relationships between concepts in different schema or vocabularies
Collection of documents aggregated under common editorial policy, typically have some thematic focus, standard formatting and access procedure.
Physical artifact collection
Collection:physical artifact collection
a collection of identifiable physical objects, unified based on some criteria. Criteria for defining a collection may be who collected, where curated, why collected, kind of material....
A collection of SLD or similar 'legend' descriptions that provide symbolization schemes associated with feature types. The actual legend documents (e.g. ESRI .lyr files or OGC SLD files) would be categorized as documents. Use for finding OGC Symbology Encoding or Styled Layer Descriptors for OGC Web Services.
An identified unit of information that describes some domain entity of interest, represented in an electronic form for use in computer information systems. Distinction of data vs. metadata is based on the intention of the provider; metadata is intended as documentation of resources to support discovery (at the dataset level), evaluation (quality, provenance, fitness for purpose), and access (how do I get it?). This resource type is included as a general category for use in filtering; probably shouldn't be a choice in pick lists for describing resources.
a collection of data items that index resources, as in metadata records; a metadata registry. The resource represents the information content and organization. Catalogs are accessed using other resources, like an interactiveResource or Service, and may have different formats. A bibliography is a kind of catalog. Also know as a MetadataRegister.
A collection of data items in which individual data items are identified and accessible. DCMI definition is "Data encoded in a defined structure." with additional comment "Examples include lists, tables, and databases. A dataset may be useful for direct machine processing." The container may be a stand alone digital file (mdb, spreadsheet, table in a word document), a web service, or an enterprise database. Criteria for what unifies the collection are variable (topic, area, author...). Syn: structured data collection. This resource type represents the intellectual artifact--the information content and organization; the dataset may have more than one manifestation (format)--as a list, a table, databases using different software implementations.
a collection of terms. Various types of vocabularies may be defined based on the information associated with the terms. Simplest is a simple list of terms scoped for some application, with the meaning of the terms assumed known by users; a glossary is a vocabulary with definitions and source information for terms. Ontologies are vocabularies of concepts with relationships between concepts and logical restrictions to formalize meaning.
An informal collection of persons unified by shared interests and practices. Membership is typically based on self-identification rather than formal contractual arrangements.
Data production tool:Instrument
A data production tool is a piece of equipment, instrument, or software that produces data either by direct measurement from the environment or by processing other input data. Inclusive of simulation software also known as models. An actor in an O&M observation "procedure".
a packaged body of intellectual work; has an author, title, some status w.r.t. Review/authority/quality. USGS peer reviewed would be a 'status property'. Have to account for gray literature, unpublished documents, etc. A document may have a variety of physical manifestations (pdf file, hardbound book, tiff scan, Word processor document...), and versions may exist as the document is traced through some publication process. May be map, vector graphics, text. Sound, moving images are included as document types.
A visual representation other than text. Comment: Examples include images and photographs of physical objects, paintings, prints, drawings, other images and graphics, animations and moving pictures, film, diagrams, maps, musical notation. Note that Image may include both electronic and physical representations.
A static visual representation. Comment: Examples include paintings, drawings, graphic designs, plans and maps. Recommended best practice is to assign the type Text to images of textual materials if the intent of the image is to capture the textual content as opposed to the appearance of the medium containing the text. Instances of the type Still Image must also be describable as instances of the broader type Image. Subtype of Image.
Image produced by human drawing or painting, using any media. May be entirely product of human imagination, human perception of the world, or a human-modified photographic image. Includes IVOA Artwork.
Human-generated depiction of some part of the earth using a mathematical system of correspondence between geometry in the image and location on the earth.
image produced by optical device with chemical or electronic image capture; represents things in the field of view directly as captured by the device. Photographs may be modified by human processing; there is a continuum between photographs and human-generated image. Distinction between the two is largely based on intention
Image of earth surface acquired by an air born or earth-orbiting sensor. May be georeferenced such that location in the image directly corresponds to location on the earth.
A series of visual representations imparting an impression of motion when shown in succession. Comment: Examples include animations, movies, television programs, videos, zoetropes, or visual output from a simulation. Instances of the type Moving Image must also be describable as instances of the broader type Image. Subtype of Image. [Commonly include sound]; includes IVOA Animation
A resource consisting primarily of words for reading. Comment: Examples include books, letters, dissertations, poems, newspapers, articles, archives of mailing lists. Note that facsimiles or images of texts are still of the genre Text.
A collection of files that contains http hyperlinks between them. Links to documents or other resources outside of the collection are possible. The criteria for determining membership in the collection are somewhat arbitrary, but in general the 'site' should contain related documents authored and managed by the same agent.
A resource that pushes dynamic content to subscribers or connected listeners, e.g. an e-mail listserver, RSS feed, Twitter feed, or output from a real time sensor
A feed that provides information by or about an individual or organization, designed for consumption by people.
A feed that provides data from a sensor, designed for consumption by machine clients.
A human-constructed feature that has some functional purpose.
For EarthCube inventory purposes we are interested in computer data centers, laboratories, sensor networks, instrument platforms like ships, i.e. those facilities directly involved in Earth Science research.
need to include something about facility capabilities
no resource type supplied. Equivalent to urn:ogc:def:nil:OGC:1.0:missing
A static model is a set of ideas and numbers that describe the past, present, or future state of something (http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/model).
A dynamic model a set of algorithms and operations that implement those algorithms to simulate the behavior of some system. Dynamic models are typically based on one or more static models that constrain initial conditions of the system.
Algorithm, workflow; an abstract representation of a collection of related processes, objects and relationships. A model resource may be related to various kinds of document that portray the model, or to software that implements the model, or with datasets as input or output. Not clear that there is a compelling use case for cataloging models separately from the software or documents that are manifestations of the model.
A set of ideas and numbers that describe the past, present, or future state of some thing (http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/model). An abstract representation of a collection of related processes, objects and relationships. This resource represents the intellectual content of a model. The model may be represented for communication in one or more documents using various notation or graphical approaches; these representations are related resources.
A set of algorithms and operations that implement those algorithms to simulate the behavior of some system. Dynamic models are typically based on one or more static information models that constrain initial conditions of the system and relationships between the entities in the model. A dynamic model might be related to one or more software resources that implement the model.
An entity that consists of a group of people unified by some formally defined purpose. Membership is defined by a formal employment arrangement. The individuals who are members of the organization may change over time. http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/Organization
An individual human being
general category for physical resources that are indexed by metadata records; also root of an artifact type hierarchy. An identifiable physical object. Identification is always a function of some human intention, thus differentiating an artifact from other 'natural' things. Note that digital representations of, or surrogates for, these objects should use Image, Text or one of the other types.
A container designed as a persistent archive for digital resources. Typically will have one or more associated datasets contained in the repository, and associations with software that implements repository functions.
A container designed to curate and preserve physical artefacts. The topic of a physical repository will be the kind of artefact(s) it houses, e.g. rock samples, ice core, lake sediment core, rock core, geophysical logs, books. A library is a kind of physical repository.
A system that provides one or more functions via a network interface designed for machine interaction. . Comment: Examples include a photocopying service, a banking service, an authentication service, interlibrary loans, a Z39.50 or Web server. (RSS feed???). An implementation of an interface to some sort of digital resource, using a 'pull' model in which client requests some content from the service, and receives that content in a single 'response' package. Difficult to draw line on when service provides 'files' and when it provides 'data'. Responses are always(?) in a form that could be considered a file. [how to deal with layers, various feature types in service; what are identity properties]. An interface to a digital resource that provides a continuous (with some sampling interval?) feed of some sort of data. Uses push model--client establishes connection and monitors for posting/presentation of new data. [What are identity properties]
A computer program in source or compiled form. Comment: Examples include a C source file, MS-Windows .exe executable, or Perl script.
A resource requiring interaction from the user to be understood, executed, or experienced. Comment: Examples include forms on Web pages, applets, multimedia learning objects, chat services, or virtual reality environments. Interactive resources are software driven. From the point of view of the catalog, they are accessed by a URL to a web site that is the iterface for operating the application. The application operates by interaction with one or more human participants. The application requires network connection to operate, is accessible via the internet, and requires human interaction.
Identifiable stand alone software application. Identity of resource is based on function performed, input and output requirements, and authorship. The same application may be packaged in different file formats to run in different software environments; thus an application will have one or more associated digital files. For the purposes of this catalog scheme, stand alone applications are software that can be packaged in a single file that can be transferred between machines, unpackaged and compiled or installed on a computer meeting specified hardware and software environment conditions, to execute the described funtion on that computer, independent of any network connection.
A work that provides instructions for EarthCube community practice. EarthCube governance policies will need to explicitly define terminology around specification, standard, best practice. In this draft scheme, the concept 'specification' denotes a document that has been written and reviewed with the intention that other practitioners can use it to duplicate some technology.
A set of rules and conventions that define the scope of resources for which a collection of identifiers may proxy, the syntax for generating new identifiers, the kinds of representations that are recognized for the identified resources, and how an identifier is dereferenced to obtain the desired representation.
A specification for how to expose a particular kind of data through a particular service protocol in a particular interchange format. The specification includes 1) an abstract content model for the information that defines the entity or entities of interest, their properties, and the logical data type to specify property values, possibly including controlled vocabularies; 2) and implementation of the content model using a specific encoding scheme to define the information exchange format; 3) the service protocol or protocols that will be used for accessing information.
A specification that describes a particular set of functions, parameters, messaging to invoke operations, or encoding schemes for interoperable message content.
A specification that restricts the usage options in one or more other specifications for a particular community or application, e.g. the INSPIRE profile of ISO 19115.
A process that consists of a sequence of connected steps where each step follows without delay or gap and ends just before the subsequent step may begin. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Workflow). Typically output from one process in the workflow is necessary for the next process to begin.