Finalized:Tuesday, January 12, 2016
Author(s):Li, Z., F. Hu, J. L. Schnase, D. Q. Duffy, T. Lee, M. K. Bowen, and C. Yang
Climate observations and model simulations are producing vast amounts of array-based spatiotemporal data. Efficient processing of these data is essential for assessing global challenges such as climate change, natural disasters, and diseases. This is challenging not only because of the large data volume, but also because of the intrinsic high-dimensional nature of geoscience data. To tackle this challenge, we propose a spatiotemporal indexing approach to efficiently manage and process big climate data with MapReduce in a highly scalable environment. Using this approach, big climate data are directly stored in a Hadoop Distributed File System in its original, native file format. A spatiotemporal index is built to bridge the logical array-based data model and the physical data layout, which enables fast data retrieval when performing spatiotemporal queries. Based on the index, a data-partitioning algorithm is applied to enable MapReduce to achieve high data locality, as well as balancing the workload. The proposed indexing approach is evaluated using the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications (MERRA) climate reanalysis dataset. The experimental results show that the index can significantly accelerate querying and processing (~10× speedup compared to the baseline test using the same computing cluster), while keeping the index-to-data ratio small (0.0328%). The applicability of the indexing approach is demonstrated by a climate anomaly detection deployed on a NASA Hadoop cluster. This approach is also able to support efficient processing of general array-based spatiotemporal data in various geoscience domains without special configuration on a Hadoop cluster.
Zhenlong Li, Fei Hu, John L. Schnase, Daniel Q. Duffy, Tsengdar Lee, Michael K. Bowen & Chaowei Yang (2016) A spatiotemporal indexing approach for efficient processing of big array-based climate data with MapReduce, International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 31:1, 17-35, DOI: 10.1080/13658816.2015.1131830This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 1343759. Opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed are those of the authors and do not reflect the views of the NSF.