Finalized:Tuesday, March 18, 2014
Author(s):Xia, J., C. Yang, Z. Gui, K. Liu, and Z. Li,
A variety of Earth observation systems monitor the Earth and provide petabytes of geospatial data to decision-makers and scientists on a daily basis. However, few studies utilize spatiotemporal patterns to optimize the management of the Big Data. This article reports a new indexing mechanism with spatiotemporal patterns integrated to support Big Earth Observation (EO) metadata indexing for global user access. Specifically, the predefined multiple indices mechanism (PMIM) categorizes heterogeneous user queries based on spatiotemporal patterns, and multiple indices are predefined for various user categories. A new indexing structure, the Access Possibility R-tree (APR-tree), is proposed to build an R-tree-based index using spatiotemporal query patterns. The proposed indexing mechanism was compared with the classic R*-tree index in a number of scenarios. The experimental result shows that the proposed indexing mechanism generally outperforms a regular R*-tree and supports better operation of Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) Clearinghouse.
Xia, J., C. Yang, Z. Gui, K. Liu, and Z. Li, 2014: Optimizing an index with spatiotemporal patterns to support GEOSS Clearinghouse. International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 28, 1459–1481, doi:10.1080/13658816.2014.894195.This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 1343759. Opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed are those of the authors and do not reflect the views of the NSF.